This is a compulsory course for M.A. IV semester students.
Backlog End Semester Exam
Bioethics is a branch of ethics trying to make a special contribution to the ethical problems of medical science, biology, genetic engineering, public health , population etc. It is a study of the moral and social implications of techniques resulting from developments in biological sciences.
The paper introduces major issues and perspectives in Bioethics. It focuses on enabling the students to examine the philosophical issues arising out of advances in medical practice.
The paper covers the topics such as basic principles of Biomedical ethics, sanctity of life, abortion, modern medicines, euthanasia, prenatal diagnosis, feminist ethics etc.
This paper will cover the prominent vedantins except Shankara. It starts from the Ramanuja. Each credit will cover one philosopher with its main doctrines. This is continuation of the previous paper- Vedanta (I) which has covered philosophy of Gaudapada and Shankara. However, one can study this paper even without studying the previous one.
Since all post Shankarites philosophers are trying to make commentary on Vedanta literature with the inclination to Bhakti, the paper will cover their philosophy of bhakti along with their special views on metaphysics and epistemology to a significant extends.
Vedant is on of the important darshanas in Indian traditions. The philosophy of bhakti is widely practiced in India and many parts of the world. This paper gives proper philosophical exposition on the metaphysics and philosophy of the vedantic bhakti.
The aim of this course is to provide an introduction to phenomenology, existentialism, and hermeneutics through a careful engagement with Edmund Husserl, Martin Heidegger and Merleau-Ponty.This course will begin with several weeks on Edmund Husserl, who has given a systematic form to phenomenology at the beginning of the twentieth century. "Phenomenology is an attempt to go beyond the 'metaphysical' approach that has characterized most of Western philosophy since the ancient Greeks." (Michael Lewis and Tanja Staehler, 2018). The rest of the semester will then be devoted to Martin Heidegger and Merleau-Ponty to help understand some of the fundamental issues and concerns in phenomenology and to acquaint students with post-Husserlian responses to phenomenology.
This course is to acquaint the students with major trends of thought in classical Western Modern Philosophy, especially in the works of Aristotle, Immanuel Kant, and John Stuart Mills and help them to understand the philosophers critically.
This course also aims to engage with contemporary debates in relationship with the ethical Other by drawing ideas from the philosophers and moralists to be studied.
Ludwig Wittgenstein is one of the great western philosophers of 20th century. He is recognized by many as a philosophical school in itself. His philosophical contribution is generally divided as his early and later philosophy. This course deals with his early philosophy. The objective is to introduce some major aspects of his early philosophy with special reference to his work Tractatus Logico - Philosophicus.
Philosophical systems contain principles of metaphysics, epistemology and ethics. Every philosophical system depends on its method it uses to address various philosophical problems. Method can also be seen as a way or procedure determined by philosopher or a system to attain the goal of true knowledge. Philosophers have followed more than one method of philosophy to resolve philosophical problems. The objective of the course is to acquaint students with some important methods of philosophy.
To introduce Kant’s philosophy and way of philosophizing with reference to the original texts. As is commonly known Immanuel Kant has been known to have expertise from various fields including Physics, Chemsitry, Biology, Geography, Law etc. including his core field of interest Philosophy. A philosopher and logician considered par excellence for centuries, Immanuel Kant, tried to point out and resolve many existing problems in philosophy. His attempts have been to remove philosophy from its 'Dogmatic Slumbers'. This course intends to study him to certain depths and critically evaluate him.
To expose students to the basic concepts of Buddhist Logic and Epistemology. In this course the students will be introduced to two of the greatest logicians Dinnaga and Dharmakirti. Following original texts will be referred in the course 1. Dinnaga -a. Pramana Samuccaya (text restored until today) b. Nyaya Pravesa (It is doubtful whether dinnaga is the real author of it) 2. Of Dharmakirti - a. Pramana Vartika b. Nyaya Bindu c. Vadanyaya. Among the following Nyaya Bindu is regarded as a concise text for studying Buddhist Epistemology. An acceptable english and Hindi translation of the text is also available.
TO introduction some dominants trends in Bhakti philosophy in Maharashtra.with distinctive characteristic in terms of epistemology , metaphysics, and ethics.
The tradition of Philosophy is generally considered as misogynistic and male-centeric. Feminist Scholars such as Luce Irigaray, Sally Haslanger, Meena Kelkar, Kanchana Natarajan (among others) have widely debated the misogynistic and male centrist assumptions of philosophy as a discipline. In this course we attempt to expose the student/participant towards the proportionate and disproportionate relation philosophy shares with feminist thought. The course underlines the role philosophical thought plays in furthering the theory and praxis of feminist thought by delving into the different schools of feminism, different versions/languages of feminism and the disparate/contrasting narratives arising out of this complexity.
Disclaimer: The full course is divided into two parts. Part first is to be taught at MA
III semester level and the Part second at MA IV semester level. Here we deal with Part I of the course.
The course is part of the "Reading a Philosopher" series of the Department in which the focus will be entirely on different aspects of Plato's philosophical writings. The course aims to:
1. Situate and contextualize the relation between Plato and Socrates and understand the complexity that becomes pivotal for the history of Western Philosophy.
2. Introduce and initiate the (fresher) student to study primary readings/dialogues of Plato.
3. Introduce some basic issues and problems in Plato's epistemology, political philosophy & philosophy of language.
4. Study the dialogues such as Meno, Theataus, Parmenides, Cratylus
and Republic with reference to the concepts and issues mentioned in the syllabus.
The aim of this course is:
1. To help the student/participant understand the meaning, purpose and essence
of philosophy through the conceptual prisms of various philosophers.
2. To acquaint the students with multiple layers of doing and studying philosophy through the medium of art, fiction, films and thought experiments.
3. To unravel the connections, differences, overlaps, intersections between various aspects of human undertaking especially philosophy, art, cinema and fiction.
4. To facilitate a lucid and interdisciplinary way of understanding and teaching philosophy so that students from other disciplines especially Aesthetics, Literature, Media Studies can participate in the teaching-learning process.