History of Science
Shivani Singh

History of Science

Course Description: It is pertinent to apprise the students and make them aware of the interactive relationship between science and society since the early times. The scientific knowledge of man and the way it brought transition in the pattern of man’s life and thought is relevant for studying.

 

Course Objectives:

  • To acquaint the students about historically period-wise scientific accomplishments in the western world.
  • To perceive the interdependent relationship between science and technology.
  • To interpret the scientific progress made by India through the ages.
  • To study the nature of Indian science and technology and its significance to the society, in general
  • To examine the process of modernization of India based on the scientific progress made.

 

Course Details:                                                                                                          

Module I: Science: A Concept and Practice.

  •    Definition of Science and technology and scientific methods.
  •   Characteristics of modern science.
  •   Departure of science and philosophy
  •   Nature of scientific process.
  •   Science and tradition.
  •   Science and Value.

Module II: Science and technology in ancient and medieval times-I.

  • Egypt and Mesopotamia
  • Greece and Rome
  • China and Arab
  • Dark Ages in Europe

Module III: Science and technology in ancient and medieval times-II.

  • Science and scientific thought in ancient India
  •   Astronomy
  •   Mathematics
  •   Medicine
  •   Material Science
  • Science and technology  in medieval India

Module IV: Rise of modern science: Broader social conditions shaping modern science.

  •   Renaissance science.
  •   Growth of technology: Industrial revolution.
  •   Science during colonial drive.
  •   Scientific institutions in British India: scientific policy under the British.

Module V: Scientific landmarks

  • Galilean revolution (cosmic world).
  • Newtonian revolution (physics).
  • Darwinism, Watson and Crick (biology).
  • Freudian (psychology).

Module VI: Indian response to science: colonial and post-colonial.

  • Nature of scientific progress in the 19th and 20th century
  • Impact of science and technology: intellectual, social and economic.
  • Science policy of independent India till recent developments.

 

Suggested Readings:

A History of Science and its relations with philosophy and religion by W.C. Dampier

A Short History of Scientific Ideas to 1900 by C. Singer

Augustine to Galileo: The History of Science A.D. 400-1650 by A.C. Crombie

Augustine to Galileo: Vol. II, Science in the later middle ages and early modern times, xiii to xvii centuries by A.C. Crombie.

Science in History by J.D. Bernal

The Impact of Science on Society by B. Russel

The Origins of Modern Science 1300-1800 by H. Butterfield

A Concise History of Science in India by D.M. Bose, S.N. Sen & B.V. Subbarayappa.

Indian System of Medicine by O.P. Jaggi

History of Science and Technology in Ancient India: a project sponsored by NISTDS.

The New Cambridge History of India: Science, Technology and Medicine in Colonial India by D. Arnold.


Electricity and Magnetism
Dr. Smita Chaturvedi

Electricity and Magnetism

18 Electricity and Magnetism
  Coulomb’s Law 
  Gauss’s Law 
  Electric Field, Potential 
  Conductors, Insulators 
  Laplace equation
  Curl and Stoke’s theorem
  Capacitors, capacitance and energy stored in E field
  Current and continuity equation
  Magnetic field and   Moving Charges
  Force on Moving charges
  Magnetic Field and vector potential
  Special relativity and E and B fields
  Induction
  Inductance and energy stored in B field
  RC circuits
  CL and RLC circuits
  Displacement current
  Complete Maxwell’s Equations
  Electromagnetic Waves
  Dielectrics and Electric Dipoles
  Dielectrics
  Magnetic Dipoles
  Magnetism in Matter

Optics Applications and Microscopy
Dr. Smita Chaturvedi

Optics Applications and Microscopy


Optics- Applications and microscopy
1 Classical optics: Fermat’s Principle
1 Fourier Optics: Huygens-Fresnel Principle
1 Fourier Optics: Fresnel diffraction integral
1 Fourier Optics: Paraxial approximation
1 Fourier Optics: Fraunhofer diffraction
1 Fourier Optics: Apertures and imaging
1 Fourier Optics: phase contrast imaging
4 Microscopy applications

Special Relativity
Dr. Smita Chaturvedi

Special Relativity


Special relativity
1 Spacetime and simultaneity.  Einstein axioms for special relativity. The Lorentz transformation.
2 Relativistic kinematics; length contraction, time dilation. Doppler effect. Twin paradox.
2 Relativistic dynamics. Mass-energy equivalence. Conservation of four-momentum. Centre of momentum frame. De Broglie waves and photons. 
1 Nuclear reactions and thermonuclear power. 

Optics
Dr. Smita Chaturvedi

Optics

 8 Optics
1 Images and mirrors
1 Thin lenses and optical instruments
1 Young's experiment, interference
1 Thin films and the Michaelson interferometer
1 Diffraction by slits and apertures
1 Diffraction by gratings and X-ray diffraction
1 Optical Microscopy
1 Spectroscopy

Water Pollution Treatment
Dr. Bhushan Khairnar

Water Pollution Treatment

  • Introduction
  • Technological Approach
  • Chemical Degradation of wastes and Chemicals
  • Coagulation and flocculation
  • Photo-catalytic degradation of pollutants
  • Supercritical water oxidation

The Structure and properties of molecules
Dr. Bhushan Khairnar

The Structure and properties of molecules

  • Stereochemical and electronic properties of molecules and the methods central to their study.
  •  Important elements of the subject include the spectroscopic characterization and quantification of materials by a range of spectroscopic techniques, molecular orbital techniques and the application of approaches based on molecular symmetry and group theory to the understanding of molecular properties, stereoselective reactions, bonding and spectroscopy. 
  • These topics have applications to advanced materials, light-emitting polymers, chemical analysis and catalysis in biological and industrial systems.

Environmental chemistry
Dr. Bhushan Khairnar

Environmental chemistry

  • Water Chemistry
  • Toxic Heavy Metals Ground and subsurface water contamination
  •  Water pollution sources
  •  Ground Water Pollution
  •  Ocean Pollution.

Inorganic Chemistry
Dr. Bhushan Khairnar

Inorganic Chemistry

  • Periodic behavior of structure, bonding and chemical properties of Groups 1,2, 13-18. 
  • Transition metal chemistry (Groups 3-12). 
  • Coordination chemistry

 Fundamental of Physical Chemistry
Dr. Bhushan Khairnar

Fundamental of Physical Chemistry

  • Kinetic theory of gases, 
  • energy, 
  • thermodynamic laws, 
  • redox chemistry and electrochemistry, 
  • chemical kinetics, 
  • structure determination, 
  • elementary quantum theory, 
  • atomic structure, 
  • atomic spectra, 
  • spectroscopy.

Modern Physics and Chemistry
Dr. Smita Chaturvedi

Modern Physics and Chemistry

 12 Modern Physics and Quantum Chemistry
1 Challenges to classical physics; special relativity
1 Lorentz transformation, transformation of velocities, Doppler effect
1 Relativistic momentum and energy
1 Photons and the photoelectric effect
1 Quantum physics, blackbody radiator, matter waves
1 Schrödinger's equation and Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle
1 Trapped particles and the tunneling particles
1 Bohr and Schrodinger models of the hydrogen atom
1 Complex atoms; Pauli Exclusion Principle, Periodic Table of Elements, selection rules and spectra
1 Nuclear physics, nuclear properties, nuclear decay
1 Nuclear fission and fusion
1 Quarks, Leptons, The Big Bang

Electricity and Magnetism
Dr. Smita Chaturvedi

Electricity and Magnetism

 18 Electricity and Magnetism 
1 Electric charge, conductors and insulators
1 Coulomb's Law, superposition principle
1 Electric field, superposition principle
1 Electric flux
1 Gauss's law, applications
1 Energy and electric field; electric potential
1 Calculating potential from the field, electric potential, potential energy surfaces.
1 Electric dipoles
1 Capacitance; parallel plate capacitors
1 Energy storage in capacitors, dielectrics, series and parallel circuits
1 Conductors, electric current, electric power, Ohm's law
1 Kirchoff's rules, resistors in series and parallel circuits
1 Magnetic field, magnetic force, Lorentz force, cyclotrons
1 Lorentz force, ion velocity filter, Hall effect, Biot-Savart Law
1 Bio-Savart Law, Ampere's Law, solenoids, earth's magnetic field
1 Magnetic field due to a current, forces on current-carrying wires, Electromagnetic induction, magnetic flux
1 Lenz' Law, Faraday's law, Maxwell's equations, applications
1 Magnetic materials

Cell signalling and communication
RENU MOHAN

Cell signalling and communication

This course explains how the cells communicate with each other, the signalling molecules and their receptors, what happens when the signals are received by the cells, various intracellular signalling pathways and the effector molecules inside the cells.

Mobility Design
Nachiket Gujar

Mobility Design

Mobility Design 

Evolution of exterior design 


Objective is to depict the evolution of a car over its generations. Chose one of the below mentioned classic cars for studying its evolution of exterior design. This assignment is a sketching exercise. These shall be freehand sketches. Try to maintain same scale for sketching all generations so they could be fairly compared with consistency. Lines are expected to be bold with minimal strokes for sharper depiction of exterior design. You are expected to refer to drawings/graphics or any suitable content on web about the chosen car for sketching but avoid tracing those drawings. Type of paper and medium can be chosen as per your taste and style. These hand drawn sketches are to be scanned and compiled for submission as a digital file.  


  1. Toyota Land Cruiser (1951 - 2020)
  2. Porsche 911 (1963 - 2020)
  3. Mercedes S class (1903 - 2020)
  4. Ford Mustang (1964 - 2020)
  5. Mercedes Benz G Class (1979 - 2020)
  6. Honda Civic (1973 - 2020)
  7. VW Beetle (1938 - 2020)
  8. VW Golf (1974 - 2020)
  9. Range Rover (1970 - 2020)
  10. Audi RS (1994 - 2020)
  11. BMW 7 series (1978 - 2020)
  12. Mercedes Benz E class (1953 - 2020)
  13. Nissan GTR (1960s - 2020)
  14. Jaguar XJ (1968 - 2020)


Deliverables:

  1. Sketches of side profile (side elevation) of all generations 
  2. Sketches of head-lamp or tail-lamp of all generations


Time line:

26 March 2020 10am to 27 March 2020 5pm


Format:

A2 size (portrait)


Disclaimers: 

This is not a rendering exercise. 

Web links are provided for each of the car listed for you to know the generations expected. 

You shall find enough information about these classics on web to accomplish this exercise.


Master of Design Program
Nachiket Gujar

Master of Design Program

Apocalypso

Apocalypso The Time Problem

Designers, this juncture is an opportunity to identify an
issue that you want to address.
You may consider an apocalypse of your choice where
masses are adversely affected. In such hypothetical (not
so hypothetical) situation you are The Super Hero. Or you
can be The Joker and pose a potential threat by thinking
out of the box without any limitations and laws to bound
you. Your INTERVENTION matters.

Identify yourself first;
Identify an issue that you want to address; Propose a solution

!. Identify yourself first: SWOT analysis. Kind. Category. Type of designer that you are / want to be. Do you want to defend or simply attack? Would you like to protect the masses by your intervention? Or may be just care for self by precautions and lifestyle measures. Objective is to be invincible.

#. Identify an issue that you think should be addressed. It can be a global issue, scale of an issue should not bother you. The issue could be just for you, rest of the race has chosen to neglect it. Such an issue needs to be addressed which is important for YOU.

$. Proposal of solution: Your manifestation of the solution is decided in step 1. Your approach to the problem is clear, now its time to put the ingredients together and cook the prototype as per your taste. You decide, if your solution looks like a mobile app or a truck or a lever. The world is your canvas.

Submission format: A2 (portrait)
Time for submission: 5pm 25th March 2020
Study model (digital/physical) to scale is encouraged. Graphical communication is appreciated.
Sheets are to be self-explanatory.
Email: ar.nachiket@gmail.com